Cart is Empty

French Bulldog: Everything You Need to Know about The Frenchie

French Bulldog: Everything You Need to Know about The Frenchie


Hey there, Jope squad!

Welcome to our comprehensive guide to French Bulldogs, a cherished dog breed! We're excited to share our expertise and passion for French Bulldogs, ranked the most popular dog breed in 2023 by the AKC (American Kennel Club), just ahead of Labradors. 

This guide will delve into the breed's history, physical characteristics, and temperament, and provide valuable tips on training, nutrition, health, and wellness to help you keep your Frenchie happy and healthy.

Origin and History of the Popular Dog Breed French Bulldog

The French Bulldog, also known as the toy bulldog, has a rich history spanning over two centuries. Probably originating, like all dogs, from the Molossers of Epirus and the Roman Empire, kin to the Great Britain Bulldog, the Alans of the Middle Ages, today's French Bulldog is a product of the different breeds that roamed the streets of Paris in the 1880s. At that time, these dogs were primarily found in the meat markets – butchers found them particularly appealing due to their physical form and character. They quickly became popular in high society and the artistic world.

Its popularity soon spread to France and later the US, where it gained recognition from the American Kennel Club in 1898 and the French Bulldog Club of America was established in 1900. The French Bull Dog Club of America is noted as the first specialty club to represent the French Bulldog breed.

Today, the French Bulldog is a beloved breed worldwide, renowned for its playful, adaptable, and affectionate nature, making it a great addition to the family of dog breeds.

Did you know?

The first club for this breed was founded in 1880 in Paris, and the first breed standard was established in 1898, acknowledged by the Central Canine Society as the French Bulldog standard.

Physical Characteristics of French Bulldog

Physical Characteristics of French Bulldog

Distinctive Features

French Bulldogs are known for their unique and adorable physical features, including their "bat ears" and flat faces, setting them apart from other breeds.  Their ears are large and erect, giving them a playful and alert appearance. Their flat face, with a prominent underbite, adds to their endearing expression, making them a beloved purebred dog. 

Size, Weight, and Build

The French Bulldog, a popular dog breed among many dog breeds, has a typical adult weight range of 16-28 pounds (7-13 kg), with some individuals reaching up to 30 pounds (14 kg) or more in some cases. As an adult dog, they typically stand 10-12 inches (25-30 cm) tall at the shoulder, with a sturdy, muscular build, a short, curved tail, and a broad, deep chest. The French Bulldog's weight and build make them a sturdy and affectionate companion.


Despite being a small Molosser, this dog is powerful for its size, robust, well-proportioned, with short hair, a compact structure, and a solid skeleton. Social, cheerful, playful, alert, and especially affectionate with its masters and children. It must have the appearance of an intelligent, muscular animal, with a compact and solid structure. 

Coat Types and Colors

French Bulldogs, a flat-faced breed, have a short, smooth coat that comes in a variety of French Bulldog colors, including brindle, fawn, white, and various combinations of these colors, such as blue fawn. Merle French Bulldogs also have a unique, mottled coat pattern.

Merle French Bulldogs

They may also have a long, fluffy coat, which is less common. Their coat requires minimal grooming, making them a low-maintenance breed in this regard.

Temperament and Personality

Temperament & Personality of French Bulldog

Independent Nature

French Bulldogs, a beloved dog breed, have a strong independent streak, which can sometimes make them seem aloof or stubborn. This trait can be addressed by providing them with early socialization, consistent training sessions, and plenty of attention and affection from their pet owners, particularly French Bulldog owners who understand their unique needs. 

By understanding and embracing their independent nature, you can build a strong bond with your French Bulldog and help them become a well-adjusted and well-behaved companion, a hallmark of many successful dog breeds.

Loyalty and Protective Instincts

French Bulldogs are extremely loyal and protective of their family, making them excellent watchdogs. As a loyal family member, they are naturally suspicious of strangers and can be wary of new people and environments.

However, with proper socialization and training, they can learn to trust and welcome new individuals into their lives, showcasing their remarkable ability to adapt and thrive. Their loyal and protective nature makes them a wonderful addition to any family, and a loving companion for dog owners who want a loyal pet.

Joint Supplements Making a True Difference

From $40.72

🧬 Harness the power of UC-II® collagen

🧬 UC-II® collagen: significant greater efficacy than glucosamine and chondroitin

🐟 High quantities of omega-3 & curcumin

🔬 Third-party tested

👨‍⚕️ Made by veterinarians

🐶 Manufactured in the USA* (NASC & FDA-approved facility)

🧊 Using cold-press technology

Try Now

Living with a French Bulldog

Ideal Living Conditions

French Bulldogs are adaptable to living in small spaces, such as apartments or condos, as long as they receive regular exercise and attention, making them a great choice for dog owners who live in urban areas.

Unlike other breeds, they are relatively low-maintenance when it comes to space. They prefer a quiet, comfortable environment with minimal noise and stress, which helps them live a happy life. 

A cozy, warm spot to sleep is a must! (not too warm in spring and summer!) 

 Christine and her Frenchie from France 

Exercise Needs and Activity Levels

French Bulldogs need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They require daily walks and playtime, but be careful not to overexert them, as they can tire easily. Short, gentle play sessions and leisurely strolls are perfect for this breed, which doesn't require as much exercise as high-energy breeds. 

Grooming Requirements for that Luxurious Coat

French Bulldogs have a beautiful, short coat that requires minimal grooming, which is a relief for dog owners who don't want to spend hours grooming their pets. However, they do need regular nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care to prevent health issues and maintain their overall health, which is crucial to addressing potential health issues early on. 

Brush their coat weekly to remove dead skin cells, distribute skin oils, and bathe them occasionally to keep them fresh and clean, which contributes to their happy life. Consistent care and weekly brushing can go a long way in keeping your French Bulldog healthy and happy.

French Bulldog Health

French Bulldog Health

Common Health Issues

French Bulldogs, like other brachycephalic dogs, are a brachycephalic breed and are predisposed to several health conditions, including:

  • Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS): Due to their flat faces, Frenchies can experience breathing difficulties and breathing problems. Keep your Frenchie cool, avoid overexertion, and consult your vet about possible surgical interventions for severe cases.
    Regular monitoring and proper care can help your French Bulldog stay healthy and thrive despite these potential health problems, which is essential to maximize their French bulldog lifespan.

  • Allergies: Skin allergies and food sensitivities are common. Your veterinarian can help identify triggers and recommend treatment options. Note that French Bulldogs shed minimally, but this can still trigger allergies in some cases.

  • Joint Problems: Hip and elbow dysplasia can cause pain and mobility issues, highlighting the importance of regular physical activity and weight management to maintain a healthy dog's weight. This can leads to arthritis.

  • IVDD: French Bulldogs are prone to developing a type I disc herniation, though it occurs less often than in Dachshunds.
    About 65% of French Bulldogs with neurological issues have myelopathy, with Hansen type I disc herniation being the most common, accounting for 45.5% of cases. The location of the herniation is more evenly split between the neck (40%) and the lower back (60%) compared to other breeds. On average, French Bulldogs develop disc herniation at a younger age (around 4.2 years), and complications like hematomas or hemorrhages are seen in 20% of cases.
    This condition is linked to chondrodystrophy, a genetic trait affecting cartilage development, making French Bulldogs more susceptible to disc problems.

  • Eye Problems: They are prone to issues like cherry eye, dry eye, and cataracts, which can be detected early through regular vet checkups. As brachycephalic dogs, French Bulldogs are at a higher risk of developing these health issues, making regular care and monitoring crucial.

Health Care and Maintenance

  • Regular Vet Checkups: Early detection and treatment are key to preventing health problems, especially in a brachycephalic breed like French Bulldogs, who are prone to breathing problems. Regular veterinary care can help identify issues early on.

  • Healthy Lifestyle: Provide a balanced diet, appropriate physical activity, and mental stimulation to keep your French Bulldog happy and healthy, just like you would with any other breeds.

  • Joint protection: Like many dogs, Frenchies might develop joint issues or osteoarthritis. The previously mentioned conditions, such as dysplasia, make them even more prone to this. As it's important to be proactive with their joint health, effective and high-quality joint supplements can help maintain joint health.

    UC-II collagen, a patented form of undenatured type II collagen, is increasingly recognized for its potential benefits in joint protection for French Bulldogs. This supplement works by helping the immune system to protect the joints from damaging inflammation, which is particularly beneficial for breeds prone to joint issues like French Bulldogs. 

  • Watch for Overheating: Avoid strenuous physical activity in hot weather to prevent overheating, which can be dangerous due to body temperature regulation challenges, especially in adult dogs.

  • Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight reduces stress on their joints and helps prevent various health problems, which is crucial for French Bulldogs.

  • Wrinkle Care: Keep their facial folds clean and dry to prevent skin infections and allergies, a unique consideration for French Bulldogs compared to other breeds.

Key facts about UC-II®

UC-II® = Undenatured Type II Collagen

  • UC-II® reduces dog pain and inflammation.
  • According to scientific studies, UC-II® works better than the combination of chondroitin and glucosamine to relieve your dog's pain and help them regain mobility.
  • UC-II® and Omega 3s are the only supplements that demonstrated benefits in plate-force studies. Chondroitin and glucosamine failed to do so.
  • UC-II® is an undenatured type II collagen derived from chicken sternum cartilage with a patented extraction process.
Learn more

Chichi with his favorite joint supplements

French Bulldog Diet and Nutrition

Best Foods for French Bulldogs

As French Bulldog owners, it's important to select premium dog foods formulated for small or medium-sized breeds, keeping in mind the specific needs of this particular breed, whether you have Frenchie puppies or an adult dog.

Opt for options with whole meat as the first ingredient and limited fillers or artificial additives.
Grain-free formulas may benefit Frenchies with sensitivities. Consult your veterinarian for specific brand recommendations to ensure the best possible outcome for your French Bulldog at any stage of life. Always consult your vet, as there are also controversies regarding this type of ingredient and its potential link to cardiac issues.

Consult with your veterinarian for specific brand recommendations to ensure the best possible outcome for your French Bulldog at any stage of life.

As vets, we generally recommend tailored homemade food first, made by a vet nutritionist, or balanced fresh food approved by your vet, balanced raw food, balanced by a board-certified nutritionist, or veterinary brands.

But always check with your own vet. 

Feeding Schedule and Portion Control

Divide your Frenchie's daily food intake into two smaller meals to aid digestion and manage calorie intake, whether you have a Merle French bulldog or one of the adorable fluffy Frenchies. 

Follow feeding guidelines on the food packaging, adjusted for your dog's age, weight, and activity level. Monitor their body condition regularly and consult your vet if you have any concerns about their weight or overall health.

Special Dietary Considerations

French Bulldogs can be prone to allergies and digestive issues, making a tailored diet crucial. Grain-free or limited-ingredient diets may be helpful in managing these issues. 

For dogs with specific health conditions, your veterinarian might recommend therapeutic diets. Always introduce dietary changes gradually and consult with your vet for tailored recommendations to ensure a positive outcome.

Training and Socialization

Training and Socialization of French Bulldog

Importance of Early Training

Early training is crucial for French Bulldogs, as it helps them develop good habits and prevents unwanted behaviors. Training should start from an early age, and owners should be consistent, patient, and positive in their approach, especially when training a Frenchie puppy. 

Providing mental stimulation and engaging with favorite toys can also help with training and socialization. Regular training sessions are essential for purebred dogs like French Bulldogs.

Handling Their Independent Streak

French Bulldogs have an independent streak, which can make training challenging. To address this, owners should use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to encourage good behavior. Consistency and patience are key when training this breed, especially when socializing with other pets and people.

Socializing With Other Pets and People

Socialization is essential for French Bulldogs, as it helps them become confident and calm in the presence of other animals and people. Joining a breed club or social group with other French Bulldogs can also provide valuable socialization opportunities.

Interesting Facts about French Bulldogs

Not Actually French: Contrary to their name, French Bulldogs originated in England, specifically in Nottingham. They were bred as a mix of English Bulldogs and local ratters.

  • Celebrity Fans: Historically, Frenchies have been owned by figures like Yves Saint Laurent, Leonardo DiCaprio, and Lady Gaga.
  • Big City Dogs: Their adaptability and minimal exercise needs make them ideal for urban living.
  • Unique Bat-Like Ears: French Bulldogs have one of the most distinctive features - their erect and slightly rounded bat-like ears, giving them an adorable and expressive look.
  • Conversation Partners: French Bulldogs "talk" with a delightful array of snorts, grunts, and other expressive noises.

 French Bulldog Care Tips

  • Climate Control: Overheating is a serious concern. Provide air conditioning, shade, and limit outdoor time during hot weather.
  • Harness over Collar: Due to their breathing challenges, opt for a supportive harness instead of a traditional collar.
  • Skincare: Gently clean their facial wrinkles daily and keep them dry to prevent infections.
  • Regular Vet Visits: Proactive checkups with your veterinarian are essential for early detection of potential health issues.
  • Patience and Positive Training: Frenchies can be stubborn. Consistent training with positive reinforcement techniques works best!


In conclusion, French Bulldogs make wonderful companions for those who are willing to provide the necessary care and attention. With their playful, adaptable, and affectionate nature, they bring joy and love into many homes. 

By understanding their unique needs and characteristics, you can help your French Bulldog live a happy and healthy life. Remember to provide regular veterinary care, proper nutrition, and plenty of love and attention. With the right care, your French Bulldog will be your loyal companion for many years to come. 


How long do French bulldogs live? 

French Bulldogs have an average life expectancy, typically living between 10-14 years

How much are French bulldogs?

The cost of French Bulldogs ranges from $1,500 to $3,000 on average but can go up to $100,000 for top-tier dogs, depending on factors like location, breeder reputation, and pedigree. It's crucial to choose a reputable breeder to ensure the dog's health and well-being.

Do French bulldogs shed?

French Bulldogs shed minimally, making them a good choice for those with mild pet allergies. Their short, fine hair means that shedding is less noticeable compared to the long hair of French bulldogs. While they do shed, it's not as much as other breeds, making them a suitable option for those who want a low-shedding dog.

Author: Dr. Jeremy

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM), MS

Meet Jeremy, a passionate veterinarian and co-founder of Jope, with a decade of experience—7 years in the nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industry and 3 years as a veterinarian. Passionate about enhancing the well-being of pets, Jeremy's mission is to provide practical, evidence-based advice and products that support pet parents and their furry companions. His favorite breed, the Australian Shepherd, holds a special place in his heart for their playfulness, cleverness, and beauty.

Join Jeremy on an insightful journey through the world of pet health and discover how science and compassion come together to improve the lives of pets.

The content presented here is for informational purposes and reflects Jeremy's own opinions, expertise, and experience. It is not intended to replace professional veterinary consultation, diagnosis, or treatment. For personalized advice and care for your pets, always consult with your veterinarian.

Related Articles


Jope - An All-Natural Dog Joint Supplement for Healthy Joints

When it comes to joint health, natural ingredients play a vital role in en...

See More

UC-II® Supplement for Dogs

Chondroitin and glucosamine are classic osteoarth...
See More

Our Pawsome Veterinary Partners

At Jope, we believe in providing the best care fo...
See More

See More

Is Your Dog Overweight?

In 2018, the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention survey estimated that ...

See More

Dog Osteoarthritis Management: How To Help Your Dog With Exercise, Diet, And Treatments

Dog arthritis is a complicated condition. It can be managed with the right ex...
See More

Leave a comment